Document Detail

Influence of mild metabolic acidosis on cardiac contractility and isoprenaline response in isolated ovine myocardium.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22097981     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The postoperative course after major surgical procedures such as cardiothoracic operations is often accompanied by acute metabolic abnormalities due to large volume and temperature shifts. In general, those intervention-induced trauma might cause the use of catecholamines to stabilize hemodynamics. Within the cardiac community, there are still controversial discussions about standardized medical therapy to treat postoperative acidosis, for example, buffering versus nonbuffering for improving catecholaminergic response of myocardial contractility. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of mild (and thus clinically relevant) acidosis on myocardial contractility and catecholamine response in explanted trabeculae of ovine hearts. Intact trabeculae (n = 24) were isolated from the right ventricle of healthy sheep hearts. Two different groups (group 1: pH = 7.40, n = 9 and group 2: pH = 7.20, n = 13) were investigated, and force amplitudes were measured at frequencies between 30 and 180 beats per minute and increasing catecholamine concentrations (isoprenaline 0-3 × 10(-6)  mM). Force-frequency relation experiments in the presence of a physiological and/or mild acidotic pH solution showed no significant differences. Mean force amplitudes normalized to the lowest frequency showing no significant differences in force development between 0.5 and 3 Hz (n = 9 vs. 13, P = n.s.) (0.5 Hz absolute values 3.1 ± 2.6 for pH = 7.40 vs. 3.8 ± 2.6 mN/mm(2) for pH = 7.20, P = n.s.). Moreover, there was no significant difference in relaxation kinetics between the two groups. Furthermore, the experiments showed similar catecholamine responses in both groups. Force amplitudes normalized to baseline and maximum force showed no significant differences in force development between baseline and maximum isoprenaline concentrations (n = 6 vs. 9, P = n.s.) (baseline absolute values 4.3 ± 4.0 for pH = 7.40 vs. 3.9 ± 1.2 mN/mm(2) for pH = 7.20, P = n.s.). Additionally, relaxation kinetics did not show differences after catecholamine stimulation. The presented experiments revealed no significant negative inotropic effects on isometrically contracting ovine trabeculae with mild metabolic acidosis (pH = 7.2) compared with physiological pH (7.4). Additionally, similar catecholamine responses were seen in both groups. Further investigations (e.g., in vivo and/or in failing hearts with reduced compensatory reserves) will be necessary to examine optimal medical treatment for metabolic abnormalities after cardiac surgery.
Hanna Schotola; Samuel Sossalla; Taufiek K Rajab; Karl Toischer; Michael Quintel; Martin Bauer; Jan D Schmitto
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Artificial organs     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1525-1594     ISO Abbreviation:  Artif Organs     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802778     Medline TA:  Artif Organs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1065-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011, Copyright the Authors. Artificial Organs © 2011, International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Department of Anesthesiology, Emergency and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Goettingen Division of Cardiology and Pneumology, University Hospital Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Transplantation and Vascular Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.
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