Document Detail


Influence of insoluble fibre and whole wheat inclusion on the performance, digestive tract development and ileal microbiota profile of broiler chickens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19637037     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. An experiment of 21-d duration was conducted to examine the effects of diluting wheat-based diets with insoluble fibre sources and whole wheat inclusion on the performance, nutrient utilisation, digestive tract development and ileal microbiota profile of broiler chickens. The treatments were as follows: Treatment 1, control diet based on ground wheat; Treatment 2, where 200 g/kg whole wheat replaced the ground wheat pre-pelleting; and Treatments 3 and 4 where the control diet was diluted with fine cellulose and wood shavings, respectively, at a ratio of 6 : 100 (w/w). 2. Weight gains and apparent metabolisable energy were unaffected by dietary treatment. Gain : feed ratio was not influenced by the inclusion of whole wheat or wood shavings, but decreased with cellulose inclusion. However, when gain:feed of birds was corrected by subtracting the amount of cellulose and wood shavings from the total feed consumption, it was found that the inclusion of wood shavings increased gain : feed, while cellulose inclusion had no effect. Similarly, AME(N) was unaffected by dietary treatment. However, when AME(N) was corrected for energy contribution from cellulose or wood shavings, improvements in AME(N) were observed in these two treatments. 3. Wood shavings increased the relative gizzard weights and improved ileal starch digestibility compared to other dietary treatments. All gut components were shorter in birds given diets containing cellulose and wood shavings compared to those receiving the control and whole wheat diets. 4. Ileal microbiota profiling, using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis, showed that microbial composition was affected by dietary treatment and that the treatments were grouped into two main clusters. The two groupings showed similarity between birds receiving the control and cellulose diets and similarity between birds fed on the whole wheat and wood shavings diets. 5. The findings suggest that the effects of insoluble fibre on broiler performance differed depending on the fibre particle size.
Authors:
A M Amerah; V Ravindran; R G Lentle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British poultry science     Volume:  50     ISSN:  1466-1799     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2009 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-28     Completed Date:  2009-10-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15740290R     Medline TA:  Br Poult Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  366-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand. ahmed.amerah@danisco.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed*
Animals
Chickens / growth & development*
Dietary Fiber / pharmacology*
Gastrointestinal Tract / growth & development*
Ileum / microbiology*
Male
Particle Size
Triticum
Wood

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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