Document Detail


Influence of high-resistance and high-velocity training on sprint performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7476066     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of high-resistance (HR) and high-velocity (HV) training on the different phases of 100-m sprint performance. Two training groups (HR and HV) were compared with two control groups (RUN and PAS). The HR (N = 22) and HV group (N = 21) trained 3 d.wk-1 for 9 wk: two strength training sessions (HR or HV) and one running session. There was a run control group (RUN, N = 12) that also participated in the running sessions (1 d.wk-1) and a passive control group (PAS, N = 11). Running speed over a 100-m sprint was recorded every 2 m. By means of a principal component analysis on all speed variables, three phases were distinguished: initial acceleration (0-10 m), building-up running speed to a maximum (10-36 m), and maintaining maximum speed in the second part of the run (36-100 m). HV training resulted in improved initial acceleration (P < 0.05 compared with RUN, PAS, and HR), a higher maximum speed (P < 0.05 compared with PAS), and a decreased speed endurance (P < 0.05 compared to RUN and PAS). The HV group improved significantly in total 100 m time (P < 0.05 compared with the RUN and PAS groups). The HR program resulted in an improved initial acceleration phase (P < 0.05 compared with PAS).
Authors:
C Delecluse; H Van Coppenolle; E Willems; M Van Leemputte; R Diels; M Goris
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1995 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-12-07     Completed Date:  1995-12-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1203-9     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acceleration
Adolescent
Adult
Case-Control Studies
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Humans
Male
Motor Skills
Muscle Contraction
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
Physical Education and Training
Physical Endurance
Running / physiology*
Weight Lifting / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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