Document Detail


Influence of heart rate and atrial transport on left ventricular volume and function: relation to hemodynamic changes produced by supraventricular arrhythmia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6269413     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The response of the left ventricle to pacing-induced changes in heart rate and the atrioventricular (A-V) relation was examined with equilibrium gated radionuclide ventriculography in 20 patients who had normal ventricular function after surgery for recurrent supraventricular tachycardia. In 10 patients count-derived left ventricular ejection fraction, end-diastolic volume and stroke volume were measured during sinus rhythm and during atrial pacing at 120, 140 and 160 beats/min. In the other 10 patients similar determinations were made during sequential A-V and simultaneous ventricular and atrial (V/A) pacing, both at rates of 100 and 160 beats/min. Left ventricular ejection fraction did not change significantly with atrial pacing (from 0.65 +/- 0.02 [mean +/- standard error of the mean] at a baseline sinus rate of 91 +/- 3 beats/min to 0.62 +/- 0.03 at 160 beats/min) despite a progressive decrease in end-diastolic volume. The percent reduction in end-diastolic volume (% delta EDV) and stroke volume (+ delta SV) from the baseline values was linear and related to change in heart rate (delta HR) as % delta EDV = -0.60 delta HR + 5.19 (r = 0.71; p less than 0.01) and % delta SV = -0.62 delta HR + 5.03 (r = 0.76; p less than 0.001). Left ventricular ejection fraction with baseline sequential A-V pacing at 100 beats/min was 0.67 +/- 0.03 and not significantly altered by either sequential A-V or simultaneous V/A pacing at 160 beats/min. At 100 beats/min, loss of atrial transport with simultaneous V/A pacing resulted in a small reduction in end-diastolic volume from a baseline value of -9.0 +/- 1.9 percent (p less than 0.01) and a nonsignificant reduction in stroke volume of -3.7 +/- 1.6 percent. During simultaneous V/A pacing at 160 beats/min, the reduction in end-diastolic and stroke volumes from the baseline value was -26.6 +/- 3.8 percent and -28.8 +/- 4.3 percent, respectively (both p less than 0.01), but was significantly smaller (-16.1 +/- 3.6 percent and -19.2 +/- 4.1 percent, respectively [p less than 0.05]) when atrial transport was maintained during sequential A-V pacing at the same heart rate. During simultaneous V/A pacing at 160 beats/min, two thirds of the reduction in end-diastolic and stroke volumes from the baseline value was due to the increment in heart rate as assessed from sequential A-V pacing and the other third was due to loss of atrial transport. The data indicate that the hemodynamic consequences of supraventricular tachyarrhythmias in patients with normal ventricular function are due primarily to decreases in ventricular volume as heart rate is increased and atrial contribution is lost rather than to any changes in left ventricular ejection fraction.
Authors:
J Hung; D T Kelly; B F Hutton; J B Uther; D K Baird
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1981 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1981-11-22     Completed Date:  1981-11-22     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  632-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / physiopathology*
Female
Heart / radionuclide imaging
Heart Atria / physiopathology*
Heart Block
Heart Conduction System / physiopathology
Heart Ventricles / physiopathology*
Hemodynamics
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Sodium Pertechnetate Tc 99m
Stroke Volume
Technetium / diagnostic use
Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome / physiopathology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
23288-60-0/Sodium Pertechnetate Tc 99m; 7440-26-8/Technetium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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