Document Detail


The Influence of hair shave on the infection rate in neurosurgery. A prospective study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11490185     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether not shaving hair in neurosurgical operations carries an increased infection rate. METHODS: Taking advantage of different practices among neurosurgeons in a single institution, we embarked upon a prospective non-randomised study of 100 consecutive neurosurgical procedures involving 90 paediatric patients aged 7 days to 16.8 years. The patients were split into two groups ('hair shave' and 'no hair shave'). The differences with respect to wound complications, positive microbiology on wound culture swabs and wound infection rates were analysed. Other factors considered were the cleansing solution, prophylactic antibiotic regime, duration of the operation, the surgeon's experience and the patient's age. RESULTS: The only complications observed were 4 incidences of wound dehiscence (2 in the hair shave and 2 in the no hair shave group) and 3 shunt infections (2 in the hair shave and 1 in the no hair shave group). We did not find any significant difference between the two arms for any of the factors assessed. Age was a significant factor in shunt infection, as all shunt infections were seen in patients aged less than 6 months, regardless of whether the hair was shaved or not (p = 0.024, Fisher's exact test). CONCLUSION: This study confirms our clinical experience that no hair shave is a good alternative to the traditional hair shaving approach, allowing patients to enjoy the psychological benefits of undisturbed body image while recovering from major surgery.
Authors:
K Tang; J S Yeh; S Sgouros
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric neurosurgery     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1016-2291     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Neurosurg     Publication Date:  2001 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-08-07     Completed Date:  2001-10-04     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9114967     Medline TA:  Pediatr Neurosurg     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  13-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel
Affiliation:
Department of Neurosurgery, Birmingham Children's Hospital, Birmingham, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Age Factors
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Hair*
Hair Removal*
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Neurosurgical Procedures
Prospective Studies
Surgical Wound Infection / diagnosis*,  epidemiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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