Document Detail


Influence of gamma-radiation on the nutritional and functional qualities of lotus seed flour.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19778060     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In the present study, we investigated the physicochemical and functional properties of lotus seed flour exposed to low and high doses of gamma-radiation (0-30 kGy; the dose recommended for quarantine and hygienic purposes). The results indicated raw seed flour to be rich in nutrients with minimal quantities of antinutritional factors. Irradiation resulted in a dose-dependent increase in some of the proximal constituents. The raw and gamma-irradiated seeds meet the Food and Agricultural Organization-World Health Organization recommended pattern of essential amino acids. Some of the antinutritional factors (phytic acid, total phenolics, and tannins) were lowered with gamma-irradiation, while the seed flours were devoid of lectins, L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine, and polonium-210. The functional properties of the seed flour were significantly improved with gamma-radiation. gamma-radiation selectively preserved or improved the desired nutritional and functional traits of lotus seeds, thus ensuring a safe production of appropriate nutraceutically valued products.
Authors:
Rajeev Bhat; Kandikere Ramaiah Sridhar; Alias A Karim; Chiu C Young; Ananthapadmanabha B Arun
Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  57     ISSN:  1520-5118     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Agric. Food Chem.     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-21     Completed Date:  2010-10-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  9524-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Food Technology Division, School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang 11800, Malaysia. rajeevbhat1304@gmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Flour / analysis*
Food Irradiation / methods*
Gamma Rays
Lotus / chemistry*,  radiation effects*
Nutritive Value
Seeds / chemistry,  radiation effects

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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