Document Detail


Influence of fatty acid chain length and cis/trans isomerization on postprandial lipemia and factor VII in healthy subjects (postprandial lipids and factor VII).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10729392     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Exaggerated postprandial lipemia is believed to be atherogenic and to influence risk of thrombosis. The postprandial effects on plasma triacylglycerol concentration, factor VII coagulant activity (FVII(c)) and activated FVII concentration (FVII(a)) of five high fat meals (5.2 MJ, 90 g fat) enriched with medium triacylglycerols (MCT, 8:0+10:0), palmitate(16:0), stearate (18:0), elaidate(18:1 trans) and oleate(18:1 cis) were compared with those following a low fat meal (5.2 MJ,10 g fat) in 16 healthy subjects using a randomized crossover design. Postprandial lipemia measured as the area under the curve (AUC arbitrary units) for plasma triacylglycerol concentration (mean+/-SE) was greater following the oleate (5.8+/-1. 05), elaidate (4.3+/-0.79) and palmitate (4.1+/-0.64) meals compared with stearate (2.0+/-0.45) and MCT (1.1+/-0.47) meals. Fatty acid analyses of the chylomicron lipids suggested that approximately one fifth of the dietary stearate was not absorbed. FVII(c) increased following the oleate, elaidate and palmitate meals and fell following the low fat meal; the increase in FVII(c) was correlated with the AUC for plasma TAG (r=0.34; P=0.001). FVII(a) concentration increased following all high fat meals but not following the low fat meal. The increase in FVII(a) at 7 h was greater after the oleate meal than after the stearate and MCT meals. These results do not support the hypothesis that dietary stearate and elaidate are responsible for the postprandial increases in FVII associated with high fat intakes.
Authors:
T A Sanders; T de Grassi; G J Miller; J H Morrissey
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Atherosclerosis     Volume:  149     ISSN:  0021-9150     ISO Abbreviation:  Atherosclerosis     Publication Date:  2000 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-05-16     Completed Date:  2000-05-16     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0242543     Medline TA:  Atherosclerosis     Country:  IRELAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  413-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Nutrition Food and Health Research Centre, King's College London, Franklin-Wilkins Building, 150 Stamford Street, London, UK. tom.sanders@kcl.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Cross-Over Studies
Factor VII / analysis*
Fatty Acids / administration & dosage,  chemistry,  metabolism*
Female
Humans
Isomerism
Lipids / blood*
Male
Postprandial Period*
Probability
Reference Values
Sensitivity and Specificity
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids; 0/Lipids; 9001-25-6/Factor VII

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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