Document Detail


Influence of exercise intensity and duration on biochemical adaptations in skeletal muscle.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6295989     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The influence of intensity and daily duration of exercise on cytochrome c concentration in the three muscle fiber types was assessed in rats that were treadmill trained for 8 wk (5 days/wk) by 1 of 19 protocols. The importance of exercise duration was determined at six running intensities (10, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 m/min). Daily run times resulted in a maximal adaptive change for each running intensity. The general pattern of cytochrome c change, caused by increasing daily run times, followed a first-order manner in all fiber types. The final time-independent asymptotic values were dependent on the intensity of running. In addition, as running intensity was increased, the length of daily run time required to achieve the peak adaptive response was shortened. The intensity influence was very different between fiber types. In the fast-twitch red fiber, the maximal time-independent response at each work intensity was altered by exercise intensity at only submaximal work loads (i.e., the adaptation from 19 to 29 nmol/g was not further increased at 50 and 60 m/min). In contrast, the adaptive response in the fast-twitch white fiber began at 30 m/min (approx 80% VO2max) and increased exponentially as intensity was increased (200% increase at 60 m/min). Whether this different adaptive response between fiber types is due solely to the ordered recruitment of motor units remains to be determined.
Authors:
G A Dudley; W M Abraham; R L Terjung
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology: respiratory, environmental and exercise physiology     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0161-7567     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Publication Date:  1982 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-03-11     Completed Date:  1983-03-11     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801242     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  844-50     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cytochrome c Group / metabolism*
Male
Muscles / metabolism*
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Conditioning, Animal
Physical Exertion*
Rats
Time Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AM-00681/AM/NIADDK NIH HHS; AM-21617/AM/NIADDK NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cytochrome c Group

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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