Document Detail

Influence of commissural calcification on the immediate outcomes of percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14609306     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of mild to moderate commissural calcification on the immediate outcomes of percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV). METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed the results of 223 consecutive patients (mean age 37.6 +/- 8.7 years) who underwent PBMV for rheumatic mitral stenosis. Commissural calcification was identified with a two-dimensional echocardiography (echo) in 65 (29.1%) patients with the severity of calcification being graded from 0-3. The anatomy and function of the mitral valve were assessed byWilkins echo score. In patients with no commissural calcification the increase in mitral valve area after PBMV was 0.90 +/- 0.42 cm2, which was greater than the increase in those with calcification grade 1 (0.83 +/- 0.42 cm2, p < 0.05), grade 2 (0.72 +/- 0.38 cm2, p < 0.05) and grade 3 (0.63 +/- 0.13 cm2, p < 0.05). In patients with an echo score of < or = 8, the presence of commissural calcification was associated with a smaller increase in mitral valve area (p < 0.05) and a smaller reduction in New York Heart Association (NYHA) function class after PBMV (p < 0.05). In patients with an echo score of more than 8, commissural calcification had no significant effect on the valve area increase and NYHA function class reduction (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Commissural calcification has an adverse effect on the clinical results of PBMV. Detailed pre-procedural assessment of commissural calcification with echocardiography must be performed to provide background information on the immediate outcomes of PBMV.
Tiemin Wei; Chunlai Zeng; Fanghong Chen; Chunming Wang; Liping Chen; Qunying Chen; Wenshenh Lan; Lexin Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta cardiologica     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0001-5385     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Cardiol     Publication Date:  2003 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-11-11     Completed Date:  2004-03-11     Revised Date:  2009-06-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370570     Medline TA:  Acta Cardiol     Country:  Belgium    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  411-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology, Lishui City Central Hospital, Zhejiang Province, People's Republic of China.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Balloon Dilatation*
Calcinosis / complications,  surgery*,  ultrasonography
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve Stenosis / complications,  surgery*,  ultrasonography
Rheumatic Heart Disease / complications,  surgery*,  ultrasonography
Treatment Outcome

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