Document Detail

Influence of antiestrogens on the migration of breast cancer cells using an in vitro wound model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9219727     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The metastasis of malignant tumor cells to other organs in the body is the major cause of cancer-related patient mortality. Therefore, the inhibition of tumor cell motility is critical in the prevention or control of tumor malignancy. In the present study, the antimetastatic potential of antiestrogens [tamoxifen (TAM); ICI-182,780 (ICI); and Analog II (AII)] on highly invasive, estrogen receptor (ER)-negative MDA-MB-231 (MDA) and non-invasive, ER-positive MCF-7 (MCF) human breast cancer cell lines was investigated using an in vitro wound model. Wounds were created in confluent cell cultures and repopulation of the wound space was evaluated by counting the number of cells that migrated into the wound area and by measuring the maximum distance traveled. In addition, the number of cells that were passively seeded into the wounded area was determined. ICI and AII reduced the number of MCF cells that migrated into the wounded area and reduced the number of viable passively seeded MDA cells. Unlike ICI and AII, TAM appeared to enhance MCF and MDA cell movement. This study indicates that the in vitro wound technique is applicable to the study of breast cancer cell movement in response to antiestrogens and other antimetastatic agents. It also demonstrates that antiestrogens differ in their influence on breast cancer cell migration.
A C Mathew; T T Rajah; G M Hurt; S M Abbas Abidi; J J Dmytryk; J T Pento
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical & experimental metastasis     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0262-0898     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Exp. Metastasis     Publication Date:  1997 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-08-07     Completed Date:  1997-08-07     Revised Date:  2013-06-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8409970     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Metastasis     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  393-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City 73190, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy,  pathology*
Cell Movement / drug effects*
Estradiol / analogs & derivatives,  pharmacology
Estrogen Antagonists / pharmacology*
Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology
Receptors, Estrogen / drug effects,  metabolism
Tamoxifen / analogs & derivatives,  pharmacology
Tumor Cells, Cultured
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Estrogen Antagonists; 0/Receptors, Estrogen; 10540-29-1/Tamoxifen; 22X328QOC4/fulvestrant; 50-28-2/Estradiol; 59130-21-1/tamoxifen analog II

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