Document Detail


Influence of age on skeletal muscle glucose transport and glycogen metabolism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8007805     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Age-related alterations in skeletal muscle carbohydrate metabolism can influence both health and performance. Exercising muscle glycogenolysis is accelerated in old, male rats compared with young animals, perhaps secondary to the age-related reduction in muscle oxidative capacity and blood flow during contractile activity. Muscle oxidative capacity and blood flow during exercise are also reduced in untrained older humans. Endurance training enhances muscle oxidative capacity and promotes muscle glycogen sparing during exercise by young and old rats. Resting muscle glycogen concentration is unchanged in old rats, but considerably reduced in untrained, older humans. Exercise training increases the muscle glycogen levels of older people. The concentration of GLUT-4 glucose transporter protein declines in some muscles of rats during growth and development, but remains stable thereafter. Exercise training can elevate the muscle GLUT-4 protein levels of both young and old humans. On the other hand, exercise training has been shown to increase the GLUT-4 values of adult, but not old rats. After one bout of exercise, muscle sensitivity for insulin-stimulated glucose transport is improved in young and old rats. These findings indicate that several age-related changes in muscle carbohydrate metabolism can be minimized by acute or chronic exercise.
Authors:
G D Cartee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1994 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-07-21     Completed Date:  1994-07-21     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  577-85     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Biodynamics Laboratory, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aging / metabolism*
Animals
Female
Glucose / pharmacokinetics*
Glycogen / metabolism*
Humans
Male
Muscle Contraction / physiology
Muscles / metabolism*
Physical Endurance / physiology
Physical Exertion / physiology
Rats
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AG10026/AG/NIA NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-99-7/Glucose; 9005-79-2/Glycogen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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