Document Detail

Influence of age, sex, and race on college students' exercise motivation of physical activity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21500059     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The authors examined differences in exercise motivation between age, sex, and race for college students.
PARTICIPANTS: Students from 156 sections of physical activity classes at a midsize university were recruited (n = 2,199; 1,081 men, 1,118 women) in 2005-2006 and volunteered to complete the Exercise Motivation Inventory.
METHODS: Quantitative, cross-sectional descriptive research design was employed.
RESULTS: Significant differences were found in 3 of 14 exercise motivational subscales by age (affiliation, health pressures, and ill health avoidance) (p < .05). Males were motivated by intrinsic factors (strength, competition, and challenge) (p < .05) and females by extrinsic factors (ie, weight management and appearance) (p < .05); only 2 subscales proved not to be significant by sex. Race differences provided 8 significant differences by exercise motivations (p < .05).
CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences for exercise motivations in college-aged population by demographics were documented. Understanding these differences is important for college health professionals for programming strategies and promoting physical activity.
Trevor Egli; Helen W Bland; Bridget F Melton; Daniel R Czech
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of American college health : J of ACH     Volume:  59     ISSN:  1940-3208     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Coll Health     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-18     Completed Date:  2011-08-23     Revised Date:  2012-01-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8214119     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  399-406     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Health and Kinesiology, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, Georgia, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Age Factors
Analysis of Variance
Cross-Sectional Studies
Ethnic Groups
European Continental Ancestry Group / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Exercise / psychology*
Sex Factors
Students / psychology*
Young Adult

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