Document Detail

The Influence of Topical Unsaturated Fatty Acids and Essential Oils on Normal and Atopic Dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21673338     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Seven dogs with atopic dermatitis and six normal dogs were treated with a spot-on product containing essential oils and unsaturated fatty acids q 7 days for 8 wk. Seven additional atopic dogs received a daily spray containing similar ingredients to the spot-on. In all dogs, transepidermal water loss (TEWL) was measured before and after treatment using a closed chamber device. In atopic dogs, a validated lesion score (canine atopic dermatitis extent and severity index, CADESI) was determined and pruritus was assessed with a visual analog scale before and after treatment. The mean CADESI scores in atopic dogs decreased with the spot-on (P=0.0043) and with the spray (P=0.0366). Similarly, the pruritus scores decreased with the spot-on (P=0.266) and with the spray (P=0.0177). There was a significant difference between the TEWL values of healthy and atopic dogs on the abdomen (P=0.0181) and back (P=0.0123). TEWL decreased significantly on the back after treatment with the spray (P=0.016), but not on the abdomen (P=0.078). Adverse effects were not observed. The results of this pilot study indicate that topical fatty acids and essential oils are a useful treatment option for canine atopic dermatitis.
Sandra Tretter; Ralf S Mueller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1547-3317     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0415027     Medline TA:  J Am Anim Hosp Assoc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Small Animal Medicine Clinic, Center for Clinical Veterinary Medicine, Ludwig Maximilian University Munich, Munich, Germany.
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