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Influence of Steroid Dosage, Withdrawal, and Reinstatement on Survival After Heart Transplantation: Results From the RESTCO Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23146492     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Little information is available regarding the consequences of steroid withdrawal following heart transplantation (HT) in Spain.
METHODS: We analyzed the records of 1068 patients (81.6% men) who underwent HT between 2000 and 2005 in 13 Spanish centers who were aged ≥ 18 years and who survived at least 1 year. Death rates and Kaplan-Meier survival curves for 1 to 5 years post-HT were compared among four groups: groups A and B, patients on steroids throughout the first 5 years post-HT at dosages of ≤5 mg/d between 1-year and 5-year follow-up (group A; n = 148), or >5 mg/d for some part of this period (group B; n = 578). Groups C and D were patients from whom steroids were at some point withdrawn including group D (n = 73) with and group C (n = 269) without subsequent reintroduction into the maintenance regimen.
RESULTS: Steroids were withdrawn at 1.6 ± 0.9 years post-HT in group C, and 1.7 ± 1.2 years post-HT in group D. The death rate between 1- and 5-year follow-up (deaths per 1000 person-years) was 44.3% (95% confidence interval 26.2-62.5) in group A, 42.6% (33.7-51.4) in group B, 30.5% (19.6-41.4) in group C, and 47.8% (21.8-73.7) in group D. There was no significant difference among them or among Kaplan-Meier survival curves of the four groups (P = .34 in both cases). Comparison of combined groups C + D with groups A + B showed no evidence of a greater mortality among combined groups C + D.
CONCLUSIONS: The late withdrawal of steroids following HT was not associated with increased mortality.
J Delgado Jiménez; L Almenar Bonet; M J Paniagua Martín; M Gómez Bueno; J F Yáñez; J M Arizón Del Prado; T Blasco Peiró; L de la Fuente Galán; I P Garrido Bravo; M G Crespo-Leiro
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transplantation proceedings     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1873-2623     ISO Abbreviation:  Transplant. Proc.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243532     Medline TA:  Transplant Proc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2679-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:
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