Document Detail

Influence of Preoperative and Postoperative Pelvic Floor Muscle Training (PFMT) Compared with Postoperative PFMT on Urinary Incontinence After Radical Prostatectomy: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23357349     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of preoperative pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) for urinary incontinence (UI) after open radical prostatectomy (ORP) and robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients with additional preoperative PFMT regain urinary continence earlier than patients with only postoperative PFMT after ORP and RARP. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A randomized controlled trial enrolled 180 men who planned to undergo ORP/RARP. INTERVENTION: The experimental group (E, n=91) started PFMT 3 wk before surgery and continued after surgery. The control group (C, n=89) started PFMT after catheter removal. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The primary end point was time to continence. Patients measured urine loss daily (24-h pad test) until total continence (three consecutive days of 0g of urine loss) was achieved. Secondary end points were 1-h pad test, visual analog scale (VAS), International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), and quality of life (King's Health Questionnaire [KHQ]). Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression with correction for two strata (age and type of surgery) compared time and continence. The Fisher exact test was applied for the 1-h pad test and VAS; the Mann-Whitney U test was applied for IPSS and KHQ. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Patients with additional preoperative PFMT had no shorter duration of postoperative UI compared with patients with only postoperative PFMT (p=0.878). Median time to continence was 30 and 31 d, and median amount of first-day incontinence was 108g and 124g for groups E and C, respectively. Cox regression did not indicate a significant difference between groups E and C (p=0.773; hazard ratio: 1.047 [0.768-1.425]). The 1-h pad test, VAS, and IPSS were comparable between both groups. However, "incontinence impact" (KHQ) was in favor of group E at 3 mo and 6 mo after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Three preoperative sessions of PFMT did not improve postoperative duration of incontinence. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Netherlands Trial Register No. NTR 1953.
Inge Geraerts; Hendrik Van Poppel; Nele Devoogdt; Steven Joniau; Ben Van Cleynenbreugel; An De Groef; Marijke Van Kampen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  European urology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-7560     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. Urol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7512719     Medline TA:  Eur Urol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KU Leuven, Department of Rehabilitation Science, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:
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