Document Detail


The Influence of Preexisting Lower Extremity Edema and Venous Stasis Disease on Body Contouring Outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23788142     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: While a cause and effect relationship is traditionally thought to exist between thigh surgery and postoperative lymphedema, the link between obesity-related lymphatic and/or venous disease and post-body contouring lower extremity edema has not been investigated. We hypothesize that patients who experience prolonged lower extremity edema following thigh surgery are predisposed to developing this complication due to unrecognized preoperative lymphovascular disease.
METHODS: Fifty-five patients who had undergone body contouring surgery were identified from our prospective registry. Twenty-eight patients completed the Venous Clinical Severity Score (VCSS), a validated outcome measure of venous disease. Three time points were assessed: pre-weight loss (T1), post-weight loss but pre-body contouring (T2), and post-body contouring (T3). Based on T3 VCSS, patients were divided into 2 groups-a T3 VCSS ≤3 (group 1; N = 13) and a T3 VCSS ≥4 (group 2; N = 15).
RESULTS: VCSS for group 1 at T1, T2, and T3 were 3.31 ± 0.55, 1.85 ± 0.27, and 1.54 ± 0.35 (mean ± SEM), respectively, versus 6.3 ± 1.10, 4.33 ± 0.8, and 6.8 ± 0.63 for group 2 (P < 0.05, P < 0.05, and P < 0.0001). Pain scores at T1 was 0.46 ± 0.21 for group 1 versus 1.1 ± 0.24 for group 2 (P < 0.05). Edema scores for group 1 at T1, T2, and T3 were 0.69 ± 0.29, 0.08 ± 0.08, and 0.15 ± 0.10 versus 1.87 ± 0.35, 1.13 ± 0.31, and 2.13 ± 0.24 for group 2 (P < 0.05, P < 0.001, and P < 0.0001, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Using VCSS, post-bariatric patients with prolonged lower extremity edema experienced clinically identifiable signs of disease prior to weight loss and body contouring surgery. Thus, careful preoperative evaluation may help identify at-risk patients and aid in managing postoperative expectations.
Authors:
Evan B Katzel; Harry S Nayar; Michael P Davenport; Ronald P Bossert; J Peter Rubin; Jeffrey A Gusenoff
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of plastic surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1536-3708     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Plast Surg     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-6-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805336     Medline TA:  Ann Plast Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
From the *Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; †Colorado College, Colorado Springs, Colorado; and ‡Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of General Surgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY.
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