Document Detail

Influence of implant length, diameter, and geometry on stress distribution: a finite element analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20224835     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the length, diameter, and geometry of Biotechnology Institute dental implants on stress distribution in bone. Three-dimensional finite element models of osseointegrated titanium dental implants were created for this study. A force of 150 N was applied at an angle of 30 degrees. The four implant systems used were: Tiny, Interna Universal, Interna Plus, and Interna Wide, and presented the following platforms: 3.5, 4.1, 4.1 (with a 4.8-mm neck), and 5.5 mm, respectively. Implant lengths of 8.5, 10.0, 11.5, 13.0, and 15.0 mm and diameters of 2.5, 3.3, 3.75, 4.0, 4.5, and 5.0 mm were evaluated. Results showed that the effect of implant diameter on stress distribution in bone was more significant than the effect of the implant's length or its geometry. The maximum stress was located around the neck of the implant and the majority of the stress, independent of the parameter being studied, was distributed in the bone adjacent to the first six threads of the implant. Based on these finite element studies, the use of wider implants may be better to dissipate the acting forces and thus reduce the stress in the bone surrounding the implant. Additionally, the use of shorter and wider implants might be a reasonable alternative in sites limited by the height of the residual ridge.
Eduardo Anitua; Raul Tapia; Felipe Luzuriaga; Gorka Orive
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The International journal of periodontics & restorative dentistry     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0198-7569     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-12     Completed Date:  2010-03-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200894     Medline TA:  Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  89-95     Citation Subset:  D    
Biotechnology Institute IMASD, Vitoria, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Alveolar Process / physiology
Dental Implants*
Dental Prosthesis Design*
Dental Stress Analysis / methods*
Finite Element Analysis
Models, Biological
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dental Implants

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