Document Detail

Influence of gum chewing on postoperative bowel activity after cesarean section.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19940484     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of gum chewing on postoperative bowel function after cesarean section. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Women who underwent cesarean section were randomized to either a gum-chewing group (n = 74) or a non-gum-chewing group (n = 76). The two groups were compared with respect to the return of bowel activity, postoperative analgesic and antiemetic drug requirement and postoperative hospital stay. RESULTS: Bowel sounds appeared in a significantly shorter duration of time in the study group, the mean being 5.9 h as compared to 6.7 h in the control group (p < 0.01). The first passage of flatus postoperatively was 22.4 h in the gum-chewing group and 31 h in the control group (p < 0.001). The total length of hospital stay was shorter in the gum-chewing group (2.1 days) than in the control group (2.3 days), but it was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). Postoperative analgesic requirement in both groups was similar, but the postoperative antiemetic need in the gum-chewing group was lower than in the control group (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: On the basis of the tolerability and results on bowel function, gum chewing provides a simple method for early recovery of bowel function after cesarean section.
Hasan Kafali; Candan Iltemir Duvan; Elif G?zdemir; Serap Simavli; Y?ksel Onaran; Esra Keskin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2009-11-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gynecologic and obstetric investigation     Volume:  69     ISSN:  1423-002X     ISO Abbreviation:  Gynecol. Obstet. Invest.     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-05     Completed Date:  2010-06-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7900587     Medline TA:  Gynecol Obstet Invest     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  84-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright (c) 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fatih University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey. hasankafali @
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MeSH Terms
Cesarean Section*
Chewing Gum*
Gastrointestinal Motility / physiology*
Infant, Newborn
Postoperative Period*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chewing Gum

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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