Document Detail


Influence of Diabetes Mellitus on Long-Term (Five-Year) Outcomes of Drug-Eluting Stents and Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting for Multivessel Coronary Revascularization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22425329     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) and for diffuse and progressive atherosclerosis. We evaluated the outcomes of drug-eluting stent (DES) placement and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in 891 diabetic patients (489 for DES implantation and 402 for CABG) and 2,151 nondiabetic patients (1,058 for DES implantation and 1,093 for CABG) with multivessel CAD treated from January 2003 through December 2005 and followed up for a median 5.6 years. Outcomes of interest included death; the composite outcome of death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke; and repeat revascularization. In diabetic patients, after adjusting for baseline covariates, 5-year risk of death (hazard ratio 1.01, 95% confidence interval 0.77 to 1.33, p = 0.96) and the composite of death, MI, or stroke (hazard ratio 1.03, 95% confidence interval 0.80 to 1.31, p = 0.91) were similar in patients undergoing DES or CABG. However, rate of repeat revascularization was significantly higher in the DES group (hazard ratio 3.69, 95% confidence interval 2.64 to 5.17, p <0.001). These trends were consistent in nondiabetic patients (hazard ratio 0.80, 95% confidence interval 0.55 to 1.16, p = 0.23 for death; hazard ratio 0.77, 95% confidence interval 0.56 to 1.05, p = 0.10 for composite of death, MI, or stroke; hazard ratio 2.77, 95% CI 1.95 to 3.91, p <0.001 for repeat revascularization). There was no significant interaction between diabetic status and treatment strategy on clinical outcomes (p for interaction = 0.36 for death; 0.20 for the composite of death, MI, or stroke; and 0.40 for repeat revascularization). In conclusion, there was no significant prognostic influence of diabetes on long-term treatment with DES or CABG in patients with multivessel CAD.
Authors:
Yong-Giun Kim; Duk-Woo Park; Woo Seok Lee; Gyung-Min Park; Byung Joo Sun; Chang Hoon Lee; Ki Won Hwang; Sung Won Cho; Yoo Ri Kim; Hae Geun Song; Jung-Min Ahn; Won-Jang Kim; Jong-Young Lee; Soo-Jin Kang; Seung-Whan Lee; Young-Hak Kim; Cheol Whan Lee; Seong-Wook Park; Seungbong Han; Sung-Ho Jung; Suk Jung Choo; Cheol Hyun Chung; Jae-Won Lee; Seung-Jung Park
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1913     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
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