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The Influence of Circadian Variations on Echocardiographic Parameters in Healthy People.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21676017     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Our aim was to investigate whether diastolic functions, myocardial velocities and pulmonary vein flow show diurnal variation within a 24-hour day. Method and Results: Fourty-four healthy subjects with no history of cardiovascular or systemic diseases (32 males, 12 females; mean age 34.7 ± 8.7 years, mean BMI: 25.5 ± 3.5 kg/m(2) ) were enrolled in this study. None of the subjects had a history, symptoms or signs of cardiovascular or systemic diseases or were taking drugs of any kind. All underwent echocardiographic examination at 7 a.m., 1 p.m., 7 p.m., and 1 a.m. M-mode systolic, diastolic velocities and pulmonary vein flow measurements were obtained. There were no differences in systolic and diastolic blood pressures and heart rate. The left atrial diameter was greater at 1 p.m. (3.80 ± 0.44; P = 0.031). The isovolumic contraction time (ICT) was found to be the shortest (41 ± 12 msn; P = 0.050), and ejection time (ET) the longest (290 ± 31 msn; P = 0.017) at the 1am measurements. The mitral myocardial performance index (MPI) was lowest during the 1 a.m. measurements (0.42 ± 0.11; P = 0.001). The systolic myocardial velocities (Sm) obtained from the septum and inferior region were significantly higher at 1 p.m. and lower at 7 a.m. (9.17 ± 1.79, 10.25 ± 2.29; 8.11 ± 1.06, 8.63 ± 1.49; P < 0.05). The late diastolic velocities obtained from the lateral, inferior and anterior regions were higher at 1 p.m. and 7 p.m. Conclusıon: The left ventricular diameter and ejection fraction did not exhibit circadian variations. However, our data indicate that some parameters reflecting diastolic function, systolic myocardial velocities and MPI, as well as left atrial diameter change at different times of the day, independent of blood pressure and heart rate. (Echocardiography ****;**:1-7).
Authors:
Turgut Karabag; Mustafa Aydin; Sait Mesut Dogan; Muhammet Rasit Sayin; Mehmet Ali Cetiner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Zonguldak, Turkey.
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