Document Detail


The Influence of Cigarette Smoking on Viral Infections: Translating Bench Science to Impact COPD Pathogenesis and Acute Exacerbations of COPD Clinically.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23276842     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
COPD is a complex syndrome that poses a serious health threat to >1.1 billion smokers worldwide. The stable disease is punctuated by episodes of acute exacerbation, which are predominantly the result of viral and bacterial infections. Despite their devastating health impact, mechanisms underlying disease exacerbations remain poorly understood. Mounting evidence suggests that cigarette smoke profoundly affects the immune system, compromising the host's ability to mount appropriate immune and inflammatory responses against microbial agents. This review highlights recent advances in our understanding of the impact of cigarette smoke on type 1 interferon and IL-1 signaling cascades. The immune defects caused by cigarette smoke on these two key pathways contribute to the seemingly contradictory nature of cigarette smoke as both a damaging and a proinflammatory factor as well as an immunosuppressive factor. Understanding the impact of cigarette smoke on the immune system may unravel novel targets for therapies that could affect acute exacerbations and COPD pathogenesis.
Authors:
Carla M T Bauer; Mathieu C Morissette; Martin R Stämpfli
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  143     ISSN:  1931-3543     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  196-206     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Change in sweat chloride as a clinical end point in cystic fibrosis clinical trials: the ivacaftor e...
Next Document:  Cystic fibrosis therapeutics: the road ahead.