Document Detail

Influence of Breast-feeding on Weight Loss, Jaundice, and Waste Elimination in Neonates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21524628     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative began promoting exclusive breast-feeding in 2001 in Taiwan; however, few studies have investigated its impact. This study evaluated the influence of breast-feeding on Taiwanese neonates with regard to the frequency of jaundice, body weight loss (BWL), and elimination of both urine and stool.
METHODS: The medical records of 313 healthy mother-neonate pairs admitted at our hospital were reviewed retrospectively and divided into three groups: exclusively breast-feeding (n=161), mixed (breast/formula) feeding (n=80), and exclusively formula feeding (n=72).
RESULTS: Compared with the exclusively formula feeding group, in the exclusively breast-fed neonates, the average total serum bilirubin level at 3 days after birth (p<0.001) and the rate of significant hyperbilirubinemia ≥15mg/dL (p<0.05) were significantly higher; the average BWLs at 2 and 3 days after birth (p<0.001, p<0.001) and the rate of BWL ≥10% (p<0.05) were significantly higher; the average frequency of stool passage at 2 and 3 days after birth (p<0.001, p<0.001) and urination at 1, 2, and 3 days after birth (p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001) were significantly less. The factors associated with a mother's choice of infant feeding type include maternal age and delivery method.
CONCLUSION: Breast-feeding during the initial days of life has a significant influence on the degree of jaundice, amount of BWL, and the frequency of stool passage and urination.
Chien-Fu Chen; Mei-Ching Hsu; Chin-Hua Shen; Chun-Lung Wang; Shou-Chin Chang; Keng-Gu Wu; Shiao-Chi Wu; Shu-Jen Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-03-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics and neonatology     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1875-9572     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Neonatol     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101484755     Medline TA:  Pediatr Neonatol     Country:  Singapore    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  85-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Department of Pediatrics, Buddhist Tzu Chi Dalin General Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan.
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