Document Detail


Influence of arm positioning on radiation dose for whole body computed tomography in trauma patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20962679     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: : Multislice whole body computed tomography is regarded as the method of choice for primary investigation of hemodynamically stable patients with multiple injuries. However, a disadvantage of this method is the high level of radiation to which the patient is exposed. Various recommendations on how to position the patient's arms during whole body computed tomography have been given in the literature, but conclusive data are missing. Therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between different arm positions and radiation dose in patients undergoing whole body computed tomography.
METHODS: : In a retrospective analysis of available data derived from former whole body computed tomography screening of patients with multiple injuries, we calculated the effective radiation dose and scanning time for different arm positions (both arms up, both arms at sides, right arm up, and left arm up). Statistical analysis was performed using the independent t test with 95% confidence intervals. Statistical significance was set at 0.05.
RESULTS: : The data evaluated had been recorded for 956 patients during a period of 18 months. Of these patients, 710 were included in the study. In 487 cases (68%), both arms were up; in 82 cases (12%), down by the sides; in 90 cases (13%), the right arm was up; and in 44 cases (6%), the left arm was up. Overall, the radiation dose was statistically significantly higher with both arms at sides (24.69 mSv ± 6.91 mSv) than with both arms up (19.18 mSv ± 4.99 mSv; p < 0.0000001). Statistically significant differences in effective radiation dose were not found for either the right arm up (23.52 mSv ± 5.23 mSv; p = 0.211) or the left arm up (22.53 mSv ± 5.4 mSv; p = 0.076) compared with both arms down at sides. Comparison of scan lengths for the thorax or abdomen did not yield any significant differences between arms down and any other arm position. Analysis of scanning times did not reveal any significant differences for whole body computed tomography with both arms down (07:31 minutes ± 02:53 minutes) compared with both arms up (07:30 minutes ± 02:04 minutes; p = 0.94), right arm up (07:15 minutes ± 01:43 minutes; p = 0.582), or left arm up (07:18 minutes ± 01:24 minutes; p = 0.707).
CONCLUSION: : Based on our retrospective investigation, it can be recommended with reference to whole body computed tomography screening that the arms should be in the arms-up position during thorax or abdomen scanning of a severely injured patient, provided there are no clear clinical indications of shoulder injury. For the patient, this position is associated with a significantly reduced radiation dose without noticeable loss of time.
Authors:
Jörg Bayer; Gregor Pache; Peter C Strohm; Jörn Zwingmann; Philipp Blanke; Tobias Baumann; Norbert P Südkamp; Thorsten Hammer
Related Documents :
2766079 - Computed tomography as a diagnostic aid in diabetic and other problem feet.
2305809 - Multiplane gallium tomography in assessment of occupational chest diseases.
8451419 - Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex: evaluation with ct.
20634109 - Impact of abdominopelvic ct on ewing sarcoma management.
12646469 - Ct findings and temporal course of persistent pulmonary interstitial emphysema in neona...
12297809 - Density of middle turbinate subepithelial mucous glands in patients with chronic rhinos...
10501869 - Current surgical therapy for bronchiectasis.
17045789 - Clinical characteristics and outcomes of empyema thoracis in 117 patients: a comparativ...
9220309 - Human leukocyte antigen class ii associations in patients with idiopathic dilated cardi...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of trauma     Volume:  70     ISSN:  1529-8809     ISO Abbreviation:  J Trauma     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376373     Medline TA:  J Trauma     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  900-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
From the Departments of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery (J.B., P.S., J.Z., N.S., T.H.) and Diagnostic Radiology (G.P., P.B., T.B.), University Hospital Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Coronal shear fracture of the distal humerus in an 11-year-old patient.
Next Document:  The increasing burden of radiation exposure in the management of trauma patients.