Document Detail


The Influence of Abdominal Pressure on Lower Extremity Venous Pressure and Hemodynamics: A Human In-vivo Model Simulating the Effect of Abdominal Obesity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21414818     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that abdominal pressure impacts venous flow and pressure characteristics. METHODS: Venous pressure at the femoral vein was measured in 6 non-obese subjects (mean BMI 22 ± 2 kg/m(2)) that were exposed to a circumferential cuff placed around the abdominal trunk and inflated to 20 and 40 mmHg. In a second step non-obese subjects (n = 10, BMI 21.8 ± 1.8 kg/m(2)) exposed to this cuff compression were studied for duplexsonographic parameters at the femoral vein. Duplexsonographic results were compared to subjects with abdominal obesity (n = 22, BMI 36.2 ± 5.9 kg/m(2)) in whom duplexsonographic parameters at the femoral vein were studied without cuff compression. RESULTS: Intravenous pressure increased with pressure application in all participants (p = 0.0025). Duplex examination of 10 non-obese subjects revealed increasing venous diameter (p < 0.0001) and decreasing venous peak and mean velocity (all p < 0.0001) when cuff pressure was applied. Duplex parameters with cuff pressure application of 20 and 40 mmHg respectively, were similar to those in obese subjects that were studied without pressure application. CONCLUSIONS: External abdominal pressure application creates venous stasis in lower limbs. Results of this study indicate that abdominal obesity might induce resistance to venous backflow from the lower limbs.
Authors:
T Willenberg; R Clemens; L M Haegeli; B Amann-Vesti; I Baumgartner; M Husmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2165     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9512728     Medline TA:  Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Swiss Cardiovascular Centre, Division of Clinical and Interventional Angiology, University Hospital, Berne, Switzerland.
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