Document Detail


Inflammatory markers and adipocytokine responses to exercise training and detraining in men who are obese.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25028994     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of nonlinear resistance training (NRT) and aerobic interval training (AIT), and detraining on selected inflammatory markers in men who are middle-aged and obese. Subjects first were matched by aerobic capacity, age and percentage body fat and then randomly assigned to NRT (n = 12), AIT (n = 10) and control (CON, n = 11) groups. The experimental groups performed 3 weekly sessions for 12 weeks followed by a 4-week detraining period. NRT consisted of 40-65 min of weight training with flexible periodization. AIT consisted of running on a treadmill (4 × 4 min at 80-90% maximal heart rate, with 3 min recovery intervals). Compared to CON, serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) did not significantly change after training, but adiponectin (ADPN) increased significantly only with AIT (5.09 ± 2.29 vs. 4.36 ± 0.84 µg/mL). No significant changes in CRP and TNF-α occurred in both training groups after detraining, but ADPN (NRT: 3.6 ± 1.2 and AIT: 3.4 ± 1.7 vs. CON: 4.7 ± 1.2 µg/mL) and IL-6 (NRT: 5.8 ± 3.3 and AIT: 5.5 ± 2.9 vs. CON: 2.3 ± 1.2 pg/mL) worsened significantly. Both the AIT and NRT were equally effective at reducing soluble intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (NRT: 187.2 ± 117.5 and AIT: 215.2 ± 142.4 vs. CON: 416.2 ± 205.9 ng/mL) and insulin (NRT: 4.0 ± 1.0 and AIT: 4.8 ± 2.7 vs. CON: 7.4 ± 3.0 µU/mL) levels, but these variables returned to the pre-training levels after detraining. The practical applications are that both the AIT and NRT and detraining had similar effects on most inflammatory markers in men who are obese, but the AIT seems to have better anti-inflammatory effects (as indicated by ADPN) compared with NRT.
Authors:
Mahmoud Nikseresht; Nourkhoda Sadeghifard; Hamid Agha-Alinejad; Khosrow Ebrahim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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