Document Detail


Inflammatory Markers and Restenosis in Peripheral Percutaneous Angioplasty With Intravascular Stenting: Current Concepts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21620656     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this article, we review the current status of inflammation linked to percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stent implantation, especially as it relates to restenosis and its clinical implications. Common to multiple vascular diseases, including atherosclerosis, interventional restenosis is a localized inflammatory reaction. Activated smooth muscle cells respond to local inflammation and migrate from the media into the lumen of the vessel, where they proliferate and synthesize cytokines which they respond to in an autocrine manner, sustaining the progression of the lesion. The deleterious effects of proinflammatory cytokines, particularly immunomodulatory interleukins, on vascular pathophysiology and development of these maladaptive processes have been the subject of intense study. Matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases are important in many physiologic and pathologic processes and their expression is related with the classic cardiovascular risk factors as well as with inflammation. They seem to play a central role in atherosclerosis and restenosis. The primary use of drug-eluting stents has become routine clinical practice for coronary artery disease, but the use in peripheral arteries remains to be further studied, like that demonstrated in Sirolimus-coated Cordis trials. New studies to understand this complex process in peripheral arteries are warranted.
Authors:
Edwaldo Edner Joviliano; Carlos Eli Piccinato; Renata Dellalibera-Joviliano; Takachi Moriya; Paulo Rb Évora
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of vascular surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1615-5947     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703941     Medline TA:  Ann Vasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Annals of Vascular Surgery Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery and Anatomy, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
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