Document Detail

Inflammation and Microvascular Dysfunction in Cardiac Syndrome X Patients Without Conventional Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23643286     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to ascertain whether coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) and inflammation are related in cardiac syndrome X (CSX). BACKGROUND: CMD can lead to CSX, defined as typical angina and transient myocardial ischemia despite normal coronary arteriograms. Inflammation has been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of myocardial ischemia in CSX. METHODS: We assessed 21 CSX patients (52 ± 10 years of age; 17 women) without traditional cardiovascular risk factors and 21 matched apparently healthy control subjects. Positron emission tomography was used to measure myocardial blood flow (MBF) and coronary flow reserve (CFR) in response to intravenous adenosine, whereas high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) was measured to assess inflammation. Patients were subdivided a priori into 2 groups according to CRP concentrations at study entry (i.e., ≤3 or >3 mg/l). RESULTS: There were no differences in resting (1.20 ± 0.23 ml/min/g vs. 1.14 ± 0.20 ml/min/g; p = 0.32) or hyperemic MBF (3.28 ± 1.02 ml/min/g vs. 3.68 ± 0.89 ml/min/g; p = 0.18) between CSX patients and the control group, whereas CFR was mildly reduced in CSX patients compared with the control group (2.77 ± 0.80 vs. 3.38 ± 0.80, p = 0.02). Patients with CRP >3 mg/l had more severe impairment of CFR (2.14 ± 0.33 vs. 3.16 ± 0.76; p = 0.001) and more ischemic electrocardiographic changes during adenosine administration than patients with lower CRP, and a negative correlation between CRP levels and CFR (r = -0.49, p = 0.02) was found in CSX patients. CONCLUSIONS: CSX patients with elevated CRP levels had a significantly reduced CFR compared with the control group, which is indicative of CMD. Our study thus suggests a role for inflammation in the modulation of coronary microvascular responses in patients with CSX.
Alejandro Recio-Mayoral; Ornella E Rimoldi; Paolo G Camici; Juan Carlos Kaski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  JACC. Cardiovascular imaging     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1876-7591     ISO Abbreviation:  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-5-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101467978     Medline TA:  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre and National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College School of Medicine, London, United Kingdom; Cardiovascular Sciences Research Centre, St George's University of London, London, United Kingdom; Department of Cardiology, Virgen Macarena University Hospital, Seville, Spain.
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