Document Detail


Inference comprehension during reading: influence of age and education in normal adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25388075     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of age and education on inferential comprehension from written texts in normal individuals.
METHODS: A total of 224 normal adults were stratified into nine groups according to age (young: 18-39 years, adults: 40-59 years, and elderly: 60-79 years) and educational level (low ≤4 years, medium: 5-8 years and high >8 years) and were evaluated through the battery La gestion de l'implicite (Implicit Information Management Test) to determine the ability to make inferences through different types of questions: explicit, logical, distractor, pragmatic and others.
RESULTS: The elderly showed worse performance for total score and distractor questions. Regarding educational level, all groups differed on explicit, logical, distractor questions, and on total test score. Subjects with high schooling performed better on pragmatic inferences and others.
CONCLUSION: Age influence on the comprehension of inferences may be due to difficulties in attention and executive functions. The strong effect of education can be explained by the interaction of inferential abilities with other cognitive functions such as working memory, vocabulary span, as well as world knowledge.
Authors:
Marcela Lima Silagi; Vivian Urbanejo Romero; Leticia Lessa Mansur; Marcia Radanovic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  CoDAS     Volume:  26     ISSN:  2317-1782     ISO Abbreviation:  Codas     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101623246     Medline TA:  Codas     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  407-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
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