Document Detail

Infectivity of Toxoplasma gondii in northern traditional (country) foods prepared with meat from experimentally infected seals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19722415     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Serological and clinical evidence of human toxoplasmosis in the Canadian Arctic indicates a food safety risk associated with the consumption of wild game meat. Such meat often is eaten raw or partially cooked in locally prepared traditional (country) foods, but no data have been collected to describe survival of Toxoplasma gondii forms in these foods. The muscle of grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) experimentally infected with T. gondii oocysts was used to prepare three country foods: igunaq, a fermented product; nikku, a dried product; and sausage, a salted and spiced product. Igunaq and nikku were stored at 4 degrees C and bioassayed in cats at 49, 95, and 140 days postpreparation (DPP) and 41, 84, and 132 DPP, respectively. Raw and cooked sausages were stored at -20 degrees C and bioassayed at 50, 92, and 141 DPP. The source seal meat was infective for cats, but none of the foods prepared with this meat were infective for cats. Some cooked sausages did not reach internal temperatures considered lethal for T. gondii. Data from studies in domestic animals suggested that the negative results in this experiment were due to temperature and duration of storage. Because of the possibility that T. gondii of arctic origin might be more freeze tolerant than the swine-origin isolate used in this experiment, additional studies are necessary to clarify the risks of toxoplasmosis associated with consumption of arctic country foods.
Lorry B Forbes; Lena Measures; Alvin Gajadhar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0362-028X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-02     Completed Date:  2009-09-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1756-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Centre for Food-borne and Animal Parasitology, Saskatoon Laboratory, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 116 Veterinary Road, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 2R3.
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MeSH Terms
Biological Assay
Consumer Product Safety
Food Handling / methods*
Food Parasitology*
Meat Products / parasitology*
Risk Assessment
Seals, Earless / parasitology*
Time Factors
Toxoplasma / growth & development,  isolation & purification*
Toxoplasmosis / epidemiology,  etiology,  transmission

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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