Document Detail

Infectious endocarditis and chylothorax in a cat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22058358     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A 6 yr old domestic longhair cat was evaluated for progressive weight loss, weakness, and dyspnea. Results of a physical examination and electrocardiogram were suggestive of cardiac disease. Thoracic radiographs revealed pleural effusion, which thoracocentesis revealed was consistent with chyle. An echocardiogram was performed, and aortic valve endocarditis with secondary aortic insufficiency was presumptively diagnosed. The cat was treated with broad-spectrum oral antibiotics and palliative cardiac medications. Two days after discharge, the cat's dyspnea returned, and it died suddenly. Histopathology and culture confirmed Pseudomonas bacterial endocarditis of the aortic valve. Bacterial endocarditis in the cat has rarely been reported in the literature. This case described heart failure and chylothorax resulting from bacterial endocarditis.
Amy Dixon-Jimenez; Marco L Margiocco
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1547-3317     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Anim Hosp Assoc     Publication Date:    2011 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-07     Completed Date:  2012-03-01     Revised Date:  2012-04-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0415027     Medline TA:  J Am Anim Hosp Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e121-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Georgia Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, Athens, GA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cat Diseases / diagnosis*,  pathology,  ultrasonography
Chylothorax / complications,  diagnosis,  veterinary*
Diagnosis, Differential
Echocardiography / veterinary
Electrocardiography / veterinary
Endocarditis, Subacute Bacterial / complications,  diagnosis,  veterinary*
Fatal Outcome
Pseudomonas / isolation & purification
Pseudomonas Infections / complications,  diagnosis,  veterinary*

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