Document Detail


Infectious diarrheal outbreaks in the Israeli military, 1988-2002.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16130648     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We analyzed 865 diarrheal outbreaks with an identified bacterial pathogen or unknown cause that occurred in the Israeli military between 1988 and 2002. The number of outbreaks per year declined over the study period, as did the proportion of outbreaks with an identified pathogen. Shigella, Salmonella, and Staphylococcus species were the bacteria most commonly isolated. Seventy percent of the outbreaks involved < 35 cases and only 5% involved > 100 cases. More than one-half of the outbreaks occurred in field units, but these outbreaks were smaller than those in other units. The most commonly identified cause of the outbreaks was a lapse in maintaining standards of food preparation. Improvements in infrastructure and enhanced attention to surveillance, education, and infection control have resulted in a marked decline in the number of outbreaks in recent years.
Authors:
Mitchell J Schwaber; Itamar Grotto; Ran D Balicer; Nadav Davidovitch; Yifat Zelikovitch; Michael Huerta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Military medicine     Volume:  170     ISSN:  0026-4075     ISO Abbreviation:  Mil Med     Publication Date:  2005 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-31     Completed Date:  2005-10-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984771R     Medline TA:  Mil Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  634-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Israel Defense Force Medical Corps, Army Health Branch, Military Post 02149, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Disease Outbreaks*
Dysentery / epidemiology*
Humans
Israel / epidemiology
Military Medicine*
Military Personnel / statistics & numerical data*
Retrospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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