Document Detail

Infectious complications of indwelling long-term central venous catheters.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2182303     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The long-term CVC allows patients with a variety of diseases to lead a more normal and pain-free life. The use of these catheters has become commonplace in most hospitals, and the physician caring for patients in the ICU will be caring for increasing numbers of patients with an indwelling long-term CVC. Infections of these catheters can be manifested in many different ways: tunnel infections, exit site infections, catheter-related bacteremia, and septic thrombophlebitis. The overwhelming majority of these infections are caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci, but physicians should be aware of the wide variety of organisms that can infect the long-term CVC. The diagnosis of long-term CVC sepsis can be difficult, but the use of quantitative blood cultures for catheters left in place and the Maki method for culturing those catheters that are removed will aid physicians in their quest for diagnostic certainty. The great majority of catheter infections will resolve with antibiotic therapy alone without the need for catheter removal, but there are important exceptions to this general rule. Tunnel infections and fungal long-term CVC infections often require catheter removal for their resolution; septic thrombophlebitis and CR-SCVT require the addition of anticoagulation or fibrinolytic therapy to antibiotic regimens for resolution of the infection, and surgical debridement may be warranted if these modalities fail to resolve the infection.
D E Clarke; T A Raffin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  97     ISSN:  0012-3692     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  1990 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-05-21     Completed Date:  1990-05-21     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  966-72     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Medicine, Kaiser Hospital, Santa Clara, CA.
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MeSH Terms
Catheterization, Central Venous / adverse effects*
Catheters, Indwelling / adverse effects*
Infection / diagnosis,  etiology*,  microbiology,  therapy

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