Document Detail

Infants with spina bifida: immediate responses to contextual and manual sensory augmentation during treadmill stepping.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23288007     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
PURPOSE: : This study examined the effect of combined sensory enhancements and manual assistance on the immediate motor responsiveness of infants with spina bifida during treadmill trials.
METHODS: : Six infants with spina bifida, aged 4 to 9.5 months, with lesion levels ranging from L4 to S3 were tested in each of 3 randomly ordered sets of enhanced sensory conditions across 3 weekly visits to the laboratory. Sensory enhancements included visual flow, unloading, load, and friction, presented in single and combined applications, as well as a set of trials with manual assistance for stepping at 2 treadmill belt speeds. Dependent variables included step frequencies and overall infant activity.
RESULTS: : Friction+load was the most salient of the contextual sensory enhancements. Manual assistance at the slower speed was also effective at increasing infant stepping.
CONCLUSIONS: : Sensory enhancements that increase stance excursion and vertical clearance during swing need further study.
Victoria A Moerchen; Heather L Hoefakker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric physical therapy : the official publication of the Section on Pediatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1538-005X     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Phys Ther     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8912748     Medline TA:  Pediatr Phys Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  36-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Pediatric Neuromotor Laboratory, Department of Human Movement Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
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