Document Detail

Infants under 1 year of age have a significant risk of burn injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18378092     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A wealth of data exists concerning paediatric burn epidemiology in general, but very little exists specifically in infants under 1 year of age, a special group in which mobility begins to develop. A retrospective study of all burn admissions of infants under 1 year old to The Welsh Centre for Burns from January 2003 to January 2006 was performed. During the 3-year period there were 104 new burns cases identified which represents 11.8% of all paediatric admissions. 63.5% (66) were treated as inpatients and 36.5% (38) treated as out-patients. Burns increased in frequency with increasing age and occurred mainly in the home. Scalds were the commonest type of burn in 65% (68) whilst the second most common was contact burns which accounted for 30% (31). The most common source of scald was from cups containing hot drinks (39%) and the most common source of contact burn was radiators/hot water pipes (30%). The mean TBSA was 2.3%, (range 0.5-38%). The frequency of burns in the under 1 year old population highlights a need for emphasis of burn prevention directed to this group. Special attention is needed to look at the specific aetiology of these burns. Starting points for prevention should address the number of burns surrounding hot drinks and bottle warming practices in the case of scalds and the dangers of household radiators and hot water pipes in the case of contact burns.
Dai Q A Nguyen; Sean Tobin; William A Dickson; Tom S Potokar
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-04-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0305-4179     ISO Abbreviation:  Burns     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-28     Completed Date:  2008-12-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8913178     Medline TA:  Burns     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  863-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
The Welsh Centre for Burns and Plastic Surgery, Morriston, Swansea, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Accidents, Home / statistics & numerical data
Body Surface Area
Burns / epidemiology*,  etiology
Injury Severity Score
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Sex Distribution
Social Class
Wales / epidemiology

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