Document Detail

Infants in control: rapid anticipation of action outcomes in a gaze-contingent paradigm.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22363507     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Infants' poor motor abilities limit their interaction with their environment and render studying infant cognition notoriously difficult. Exceptions are eye movements, which reach high accuracy early, but generally do not allow manipulation of the physical environment. In this study, real-time eye tracking is used to put 6- and 8-month-old infants in direct control of their visual surroundings to study the fundamental problem of discovery of agency, i.e. the ability to infer that certain sensory events are caused by one's own actions. We demonstrate that infants quickly learn to perform eye movements to trigger the appearance of new stimuli and that they anticipate the consequences of their actions in as few as 3 trials. Our findings show that infants can rapidly discover new ways of controlling their environment. We suggest that gaze-contingent paradigms offer effective new ways for studying many aspects of infant learning and cognition in an interactive fashion and provide new opportunities for behavioral training and treatment in infants.
Quan Wang; Jantina Bolhuis; Constantin A Rothkopf; Thorsten Kolling; Monika Knopf; Jochen Triesch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-02-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  PloS one     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1932-6203     ISO Abbreviation:  PLoS ONE     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-24     Completed Date:  2012-06-29     Revised Date:  2013-06-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101285081     Medline TA:  PLoS One     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e30884     Citation Subset:  IM    
Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Frankfurt, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Anticipation, Psychological / physiology*
Fixation, Ocular / physiology*
Models, Biological
Normal Distribution
Time Factors

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