Document Detail

Infants' contribution to the achievement of joint reference.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1756664     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This research examines whether infants actively contribute to the achievement of joint reference. One possibility is that infants tend to link a a label with whichever object they are focused on when they hear the label. If so, infants would make a mapping error when an adult labels a different object than the one occupying their focus. Alternatively, infants may be able to use a speaker's nonverbal cues (e.g., line of regard) to interpret the reference of novel labels. This ability would allow infants to avoid errors when adult labels conflict with infants' focus. 64 16-19-month-olds were taught new labels for novel toys in 2 situations. In follow-in labeling, the experimenter looked at and labeled a toy at which infants were already looking. In discrepant labeling, the experimenter looked at and labeled a different toy than the one occupying infants' focus. Infants' responses to subsequent comprehension questions revealed that they (a) successfully learned the labels introduced during follow-in labeling, and (b) displayed no tendency to make mapping errors after discrepant labeling. Thus infants of only 16 to 19 months understand that a speaker's nonverbal cues are relevant to the reference of object labels; they already can contribute to the social coordination involved in achieving joint reference.
D A Baldwin
Related Documents :
17968534 - Early development of sensitivity to radial motion at different speeds.
20210504 - The early development of object knowledge: a study of infants' visual anticipations dur...
18183374 - Manual actions affect vocalizations of infants.
9712134 - An electrophysiological study of infants' sensitivity to the sound patterns of english ...
3265074 - The effects of axotomy on electrophysiological properties of b cells of bullfrog sympat...
16782724 - A pilot study to determine if nurses trained in basic neonatal resuscitation would impa...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child development     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0009-3920     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Dev     Publication Date:  1991 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-02-06     Completed Date:  1992-02-06     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372725     Medline TA:  Child Dev     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  875-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Stanford University.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Child Psychology*
Language Development*
Verbal Learning*
Grant Support
20382//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Establishing the reliability and developmental validity of a neurobehavioral assessment for preterm ...
Next Document:  Maternal representations of attachment during pregnancy predict the organization of infant-mother at...