Document Detail

Infant and young child feeding indicators across nine East and Southeast Asian countries: an analysis of National Survey Data 2000-2005.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20441662     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To compare infant and young child feeding practices in children aged 0-23 months across nine East and Southeast Asian countries.
DESIGN: Secondary analyses of cross-sectional data from available Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS; Indonesia, Philippines, Timor-Leste, Cambodia and Vietnam), Multiple Indicator Country Surveys (Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) and Myanmar) and national nutrition surveys (Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPR Korea) and Mongolia) conducted between 2000 and 2005.
SETTING: Seven countries from Southeast Asia and two from East Asia.
SUBJECTS: Children aged 0-23 months with samples ranging from 826 to 5610 for DHS, and from 477 to 5860 for non-DHS data.
RESULTS: More than 93 % of infants were ever breast-fed, and over 75 % were currently breast-fed except in the Philippines. Timely initiation of breast-feeding varied from 32 % in Indonesia to 46 % in Timor-Leste. Exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) rate in infants under 6 months of age ranged from 11 % in Myanmar to 60 % in Cambodia. EBF rates were also low in Vietnam (15.5 %) and Lao PDR (23 %), and varied between 30 % and 40 % in Indonesia, Philippines and Timor-Leste. The proportion of infants under 6 months of age who were given breast milk with non-milk liquids was high except in Indonesia and Timor-Leste. Bottle-feeding rates were lower in DPR Korea (3 %), Lao PDR (6 %) and Myanmar (6 %) and higher in the Philippines (49 %) and Mongolia (31 %). Timely complementary-feeding rate varied widely across countries (6-99 %).
CONCLUSIONS: All the countries studied should make greater efforts to improve timely initiation of breast-feeding and EBF for 6 months. Measures should be taken to reduce high bottle-feeding rate in the Philippines, Mongolia, Indonesia and Vietnam, and improve complementary-feeding rate in Lao PDR, Myanmar, DPR Korea and Philippines.
Michael J Dibley; Upul Senarath; Kingsley E Agho
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-05-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-10     Completed Date:  2010-11-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1296-303     Citation Subset:  IM    
Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Asia, Southeastern
Bottle Feeding / statistics & numerical data*
Breast Feeding / statistics & numerical data*
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Cross-Sectional Studies
Far East
Feeding Behavior*
Infant Food
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology*
Infant, Newborn
Nutrition Surveys
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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