Document Detail


Infant survival in Italy: recent trends.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12280629     Owner:  PIP     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper analyzes the historical and geographical evolution of fetal and infant mortality (stillbirths + deaths in the 1st year of life) in Italy, starting from the 1950s. Particular attention is given to the last 20 years, which have marked an important turning point. Up to the beginning of the 1970s, the decline of fetal and infant mortality was above all due to the decline of post-neonatal and late fetal mortality, but later the part due to the decline of early neonatal mortality has become more and more significant since it began to decrease more rapidly and to be differentiated geographically. An important role in the decline of early neonatal mortality seems to be played by the improvement in the quality of births, attained through the reduction of prematurity, besides advancements in medical treatment. The latter have been more effective for what concerns gestation, childbirth, and the post-neonatal period than for the early neonatal period. Notwithstanding the recent improvements, the situation in Italy appears more backward than in other developed countries. To attain positive results in the future, not only from the viewpoint of quantity but also of quality, the strategy to be followed should aim, on one side, at the prevention of risk factors and on the other at the treatment of infants not at risk, as some other countries seem to be doing. A greater attention to statistical information and to cross-disciplinary working methodologies appear of great importance to attain further improvements.
Authors:
A Pinnelli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Genus     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0016-6987     ISO Abbreviation:  Genus     Publication Date:    1986 Jul-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-03-10     Completed Date:  1988-03-10     Revised Date:  2002-10-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  17120050R     Medline TA:  Genus     Country:  ITALY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  125-39     Citation Subset:  J    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Birth Weight
Demography
Developed Countries
Europe
Fetal Death*
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Italy
Mortality*
Population
Population Dynamics

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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