Document Detail


Infant speech-sound discrimination in noise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2299044     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of noise on 7- to 11-month-old infants' speech-sound discrimination (/ba/vs/ga/) were determined using a conditioned head-turn procedure. Variation in performance as a function of signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) was estimated by testing each infant at four S/N's (-8, 0, 8, and 16 dB). Adults were tested for comparison at four S/N's (-12, -8, -4, and 0 dB). The S/N's were chosen based on pilot data. Performance varied monotonically with S/N for both age groups, but infants required greater S/N than adults to achieve comparable levels of performance. Both groups were also tested using an adaptive (1-up, 1-down) threshold procedure with a 3-dB step size. There was a group mean difference in threshold of 5.8-dB S/N favoring the adults. Weighted group psychometric functions, derived from the responses obtained in the adaptive runs, showed good correspondence with the data points at the four S/N's. The slopes of these functions were the same (7.5%/dB) for infants and adults. The results suggest that infants are at a greater disadvantage than adults when processing speech in noise and that concern over the effects of a noisy environment on the acquisition of language is justified. In addition, the adaptive threshold procedure can be used as an efficient way to estimate the limits of discrimination ability as a function of S/N or intensity, both for individual subjects and for groups of subjects, in developmental research.
Authors:
R J Nozza; R N Rossman; L C Bond; S L Miller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0001-4966     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  1990 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-03-08     Completed Date:  1990-03-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  339-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Auditory Pathways / physiology*
Humans
Infant
Noise*
Speech Perception / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
NS16337/NS/NINDS NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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