Document Detail

Infant mortality statistics from the 2003 period linked birth/infant death data set.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16711376     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: This report presents 2003 period infant mortality statistics from the linked birth/infant death data file by a variety of maternal and infant characteristics. The linked file differs from the mortality file, which is based entirely on death certificate data. METHODS: Descriptive tabulations of data are presented and interpreted. Excluding rates by cause of death, the infant mortality rate is now published with two decimal places. RESULTS: The U.S. infant mortality rate was 6.84 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2003, a return to the rate in 2001, compared with 6.95 in 2002. Infant mortality rates ranged from 4.83 per 1,000 live births for Asian or Pacific Islander mothers to 13.60 for non-Hispanic black mothers. Among Hispanics, rates ranged from 4.57 for Cuban mothers to 8.18 for Puerto Rican mothers. Infant mortality rates were higher for those infants whose mothers were born in the 50 States and the District of Columbia, were unmarried, or smoked during pregnancy. Infant mortality was also higher for male infants, multiple births, and infants born preterm or at low birthweight. Infants born at the lowest birthweights and gestational ages have a large impact on overall U.S. infant mortality. Nearly one-half (49 percent) of all infant deaths in the U.S. in 2003 occurred to the 0.8 percent of infants whose birthweight was less than 1,000 grams. The three leading causes of infant death--Congenital malformations, low birthweight, and SIDS--taken together accounted for 45 percent of all infant deaths. For infants of non-Hispanic black mothers, the cause-specific infant mortality rate for low birthweight was nearly four times that for infants of non-Hispanic white mothers. For infants of non-Hispanic black and American Indian mothers, the SIDS rates were more than double the rate for non-Hispanic white mothers.
T J Mathews; Marian F MacDorman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  National vital statistics reports : from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1551-8922     ISO Abbreviation:  Natl Vital Stat Rep     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-22     Completed Date:  2006-06-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9814753     Medline TA:  Natl Vital Stat Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-29     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Vital Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Certificates
Birth Weight
Cause of Death*
Death Certificates
Ethnic Groups / statistics & numerical data*
Gestational Age
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Newborn
Maternal Age
Public Health Informatics
Socioeconomic Factors
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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