Document Detail

Infant mortality decline in the late 19th and early 20th centuries: the role of market milk.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17951891     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Starting in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, a precipitous decline in infant mortality was observed in the United States. Economic growth, improved nutrition, new sanitary measures, and advances in knowledge about infant care all contributed to this decline in infant mortality. Little is known, however, about how these individual factors affected disease-specific components of infant mortality over time. Systematic review of historical data suggests that cleaning the market milk supply was the single most important contributor to this decline in both diarrheal and overall infant mortality, and that this development played a far more important role than family income, other sanitary measures, or medical intervention.
Kwang-Sun Lee
Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perspectives in biology and medicine     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0031-5982     ISO Abbreviation:  Perspect. Biol. Med.     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-10-22     Completed Date:  2008-01-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401132     Medline TA:  Perspect Biol Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  585-602     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, MC 6060, 5841 S. Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.
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MeSH Terms
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Infant Mortality / history*,  trends
Infant, Newborn
Milk / supply & distribution*
Mortality / trends*
United States

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