Document Detail

Infant formula-handling education and safety.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18829836     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to assess the extent to which mothers learn about proper handling of infant formula from health professionals and package labels; mothers' beliefs about the likelihood of germs being in infant formula and the importance of following safe-use directions; whether they take measures while handling infant formula to prevent foodborne illnesses and injury to their infants; and maternal characteristics associated with unsafe infant formula-handling practices. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The study cohort consisted of mothers participating in the 2005-2007 Infant Feeding Practices Study II who fed their infant formula. We conducted frequency and multiple logistic regression analyses. Sample sizes for the analyses ranged from 860 to 1533. RESULTS: The majority of formula-feeding mothers did not receive instruction on formula preparation (77%) or storage (73%) from a health professional. Thirty percent did not read some of the safe-use directions on the formula package label; an approximately equal percentage (38%) thought that both powdered (which is not sterile) and ready-to-feed (which is sterile) formula were unlikely to contain germs; and 85% believed that following safe-storage directions was very important. Among the mothers of the youngest infants analyzed, 55% did not always wash their hands with soap before preparing infant formula, 32% did not adequately wash bottle nipples between uses, 35% heated formula bottles in a microwave oven, and 6% did not always discard formula left standing for >2 hours. The prevalence of these unsafe practices was similar among mothers of older infants. No consistent pattern of maternal characteristics was associated with unsafe practices. CONCLUSIONS: Many mothers do not follow safe practices when preparing infant formula. Additional research is needed to understand why more mothers do not follow safe formula-handling recommendations.
Judith Labiner-Wolfe; Sara B Fein; Katherine R Shealy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  122 Suppl 2     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-02     Completed Date:  2008-11-12     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S85-90     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, 5100 Paint Branch Pkwy, HFS 020, College Park, MD 20740, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Bottle Feeding / methods,  standards*
Food Handling / standards*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Infant Care / standards*
Infant Formula*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Patient Education as Topic

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