Document Detail

Infant feeding practices among HIV-positive women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, indicate a need for more intensive infant feeding counselling.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20587116     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To assess feeding practices of infants born to HIV-positive women in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. These data then served as a proxy to evaluate the adequacy of current infant feeding counselling.
DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey of infant feeding behaviours.
SETTING: Four clinics in greater Dar es Salaam in early 2008.
SUBJECTS: A total of 196 HIV-positive mothers of children aged 6-10 months recruited from HIV clinics.
RESULTS: Initiation of breast-feeding was reported by 95·4 % of survey participants. In the entire sample, 80·1 %, 34·2 % and 13·3 % of women reported exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) up to 2, 4 and 6 months, respectively. Median duration of EBF among women who ever breast-fed was 3 (interquartile range (IQR): 2·1, 4·0) months. Most non-breast-milk foods fed to infants were low in nutrient density. Complete cessation of breast-feeding occurred within 14 d of the introduction of non-breast-milk foods among 138 of the 187 children (73·8 %) who had ever received any breast milk. Of the 187 infants in the study who ever received breast milk, 19·4 % received neither human milk nor any replacement milks for 1 week or more (median duration of no milk was 14 (IQR: 7, 152) d).
CONCLUSIONS: Infant feeding practices among these HIV-positive mothers resulted in infants receiving far less breast milk and more mixed complementary feeds than recommended, thus placing them at greater risk of both malnutrition and HIV infection. An environment that better enables mothers to follow national guidelines is urgently needed. More intensive infant feeding counselling programmes would very likely increase rates of optimal infant feeding.
Sera L Young; Kiersten A Israel-Ballard; Emily A Dantzer; Monica M Ngonyani; Margaret T Nyambo; Deborah M Ash; Caroline J Chantry
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-06-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-18     Completed Date:  2011-02-17     Revised Date:  2012-10-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2027-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of California Davis Medical Center, Ticon II Building, Suite 334, 2516 Stockton Blvd, Davis, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Bottle Feeding / statistics & numerical data
Breast Feeding / epidemiology*,  statistics & numerical data
Child Nutrition Sciences / education
Cross-Sectional Studies
HIV Infections / epidemiology,  transmission*
HIV Seropositivity / transmission
Health Services Needs and Demand
Infant Food / analysis,  standards
Infant Formula / administration & dosage
Infant Nutrition Disorders / prevention & control*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology
Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical / prevention & control*
Milk, Human / virology
Mothers / education*
Nutritive Value
Tanzania / epidemiology
Young Adult
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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