Document Detail

Infant feeding practices of Anglo American and Asian Indian American mothers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10376786     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To compare infant feeding practices of Anglo-American (AA) (n = 25) and Asian-Indian American (AIA) mothers (n = 25) residing in the southeastern United States. METHODS: Feeding practices (breast-feeding, formula-feeding, introduction of solid foods) were assessed at infant ages one, three, six, nine and twelve months for a total of 250 interviews conducted in the home. Mothers' sources of information about infant feeding practices and dietary intakes of their infants were collected (24-hour recalls). RESULTS: Compared to their AIA counterparts, AA mothers breast-fed for significantly longer durations and introduced formula and solid foods into the infants' diet at a later age (p<0.05). Throughout the first year, AA mothers relied primarily upon health professionals for infant feeding information compared to AIA mothers, who sought information primarily from the family network during the first six months and relied more on health professionals during the second six months of the infant's life. Throughout the first twelve months, infants of both groups exceeded 100% of the RDA for energy, protein, calcium, iron, vitamin A, and vitamin C. CONCLUSION: Health professionals, including nutrition educators, should educate AIA mothers about and encourage AA mothers to follow current feeding recommendations and guidelines about breast-feeding, formula-feeding and introducing solid foods.
S Kannan; B R Carruth; J Skinner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0731-5724     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Coll Nutr     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-08-12     Completed Date:  1999-08-12     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8215879     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  279-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding / ethnology*
Educational Status
European Continental Ancestry Group
India / ethnology
Infant Food / utilization*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Southeastern United States

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