Document Detail

Infant feeding patterns in the Finnish type I diabetes prediction and prevention nutrition study cohort.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15354198     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate infant feeding patterns during the first 2 y and their relation to sociodemographic factors. DESIGN: A population-based cohort study. SETTING: Oulu and Tampere University Hospital district areas 1996-1999, Finland. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All newborn infants (n=675) with increased genetic risk for type I diabetes were invited to the study in 1996-1997. Of these, 429 (64%) completed the dietary follow-up form by the time they reached 2 y of age. RESULTS: The median duration of exclusive breastfeeding (BF) was 1.8 months (range 0-6 months) and that of total BF 7.0 months (0.3-25 months). Among the infants 20% were exclusively breastfed at least 4 months (recommendation 4-6 months). Infants were introduced to infant formula at the median age of 1.8 months (range 0-25 months) and other supplementary foods at the median age of 3.5 months (1-6 months). Infant's ponderal index at birth was inversely associated with the duration of total BF. The age of introduction of supplementary foods correlated positively with the duration of total BF. Longer parental education and increased maternal age were associated with a longer duration of BF and older age at introduction of supplementary foods. Infant formula and other supplementary foods were added earlier to the diet of the boys than that of the girls. CONCLUSION: Duration of breastfeeding in Finland is shorter than recommended. Compliance with the current recommendations on the timing of introduction of first supplementary food and dairy products is relatively poor. The diet during infancy seems to be conspicuously influenced by the duration of parental education, maternal age and the sex of the infant.
M Erkkola; H-M Pigg; P Virta-Autio; A Hekkala; E Hyppönen; M Knip; S M Virtanen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  59     ISSN:  0954-3007     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2005 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-12-16     Completed Date:  2005-04-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  107-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Tampere School of Public Health, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding*
Cohort Studies
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / prevention & control*
Educational Status
Infant Food* / adverse effects
Infant, Newborn
Maternal Age
Mothers / psychology*
Predictive Value of Tests
Sex Factors
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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