Document Detail


Infant brains detect arithmetic errors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16894149     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A current debate is whether increased looking time in infancy is related to violation of expectations. In this study, 6- to 9-month-old infants' brain activity was analyzed during presentation of correct and incorrect solutions to simple arithmetic equations [(e.g., presentation of 1 + 1; one doll on a TV monitor, with another doll added from behind a screen, followed by a solution of 2 (correct) or 1 (incorrect)]. Infants looked longer at incorrect solutions than at correct ones. Event-related potentials, time-locked to the presentation of the solution, also differed between conditions, with greater negative activity for the incorrect solution condition. Spectral analysis showed a similar pattern to that of adults observing correct and incorrect arithmetical equations. These findings show (i) that the brain network involved in error detection can be identified in infancy and (ii) that this network can support an association between looking time and violation of expectations.
Authors:
Andrea Berger; Gabriel Tzur; Michael I Posner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-08-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  103     ISSN:  0027-8424     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-16     Completed Date:  2006-11-07     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  12649-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Behavioral Sciences and Zlotowski Centre for Neuroscience, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva 84105, Israel. andrea@bgu.ac.il
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Brain
Brain Mapping
Cognition / physiology
Electroencephalography
Evoked Potentials / physiology*
Humans
Infant
Mathematics*
Reaction Time
Time Factors
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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