Document Detail


Infant antibiotic exposures and early-life body mass.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22907693     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of antibiotic exposures during the first 2 years of life and the development of body mass over the first 7 years of life.
DESIGN: Longitudinal birth cohort study.
SUBJECTS: A total of 11 532 children born at 2500 g in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), a population-based study of children born in Avon, UK in 1991-1992.
MEASUREMENTS: Exposures to antibiotics during three different early-life time windows (<6 months, 6-14 months, 15-23 months), and indices of body mass at five time points (6 weeks, 10 months, 20 months, 38 months and 7 years).
RESULTS: Antibiotic exposure during the earliest time window (<6 months) was consistently associated with increased body mass (+0.105 and +0.083 s.d. unit, increase in weight-for-length Z-scores at 10 and 20 months, P<0.001 and P=0.001, respectively; body mass index (BMI) Z-score at 38 months +0.067 s.d. units, P=0.009; overweight OR 1.22 at 38 months, P=0.029) in multivariable, mixed-effect models controlling for known social and behavioral obesity risk factors. Exposure from 6 to 14 months showed no association with body mass, while exposure from 15 to 23 months was significantly associated with increased BMI Z-score at 7 years (+0.049 s.d. units, P=0.050). Exposures to non-antibiotic medications were not associated with body mass.
CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to antibiotics during the first 6 months of life is associated with consistent increases in body mass from 10 to 38 months. Exposures later in infancy (6-14 months, 15-23 months) are not consistently associated with increased body mass. Although effects of early exposures are modest at the individual level, they could have substantial consequences for population health. Given the prevalence of antibiotic exposures in infants, and in light of the growing concerns about childhood obesity, further studies are needed to isolate effects and define life-course implications for body mass and cardiovascular risks.
Authors:
L Trasande; J Blustein; M Liu; E Corwin; L M Cox; M J Blaser
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-08-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of obesity (2005)     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1476-5497     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Obes (Lond)     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-08     Completed Date:  2013-06-24     Revised Date:  2014-02-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101256108     Medline TA:  Int J Obes (Lond)     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  16-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage*,  adverse effects,  pharmacology
Body Mass Index*
Child
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Female
Great Britain / epidemiology
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Intestinal Mucosa / drug effects
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Obesity / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Pregnancy
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Risk Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
092731//Wellcome Trust; G9815508//Medical Research Council; R01 DK090989/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01GM090989/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS; UL1 RR029893/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; //Medical Research Council
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2012 Nov;8(11):623   [PMID:  22965166 ]
Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2012 Nov;9(11):615   [PMID:  22965425 ]

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