Document Detail


Infant Symbolic Play as an Early Indicator of Fetal Alcohol-Related Deficit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20953338     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Infant symbolic play was examined in relation to prenatal alcohol exposure and socioenvironmental background and to predict which infants met criteria for fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) at 5 years. 107 Cape Coloured, South African infants born to heavy drinking mothers and abstainers/light drinkers were recruited prenatally. Complexity of play, socio-demographic and psychological correlates of maternal alcohol use, and quality of parenting were assessed at 13 months, and IQ and FAS diagnosis at 5 years. The effect of drinking on spontaneous play was not significant after control for social environment. By contrast, prenatal alcohol and quality of parenting related independently to elicited play. Elicited play predicted 5-year Digit Span and was poorer in infants subsequently diagnosed with FAS/partial FAS and in nonsyndromal heavily exposed infants, compared with abstainers/light drinkers. Thus, symbolic play may provide an early indicator of risk for alcohol-related deficits. The independent effects of prenatal alcohol and quality of parenting suggest that infants whose symbolic play is adversely affected by alcohol exposure may benefit from stimulation from a responsive caregiver.
Authors:
Christopher D Molteno; Joseph L Jacobson; R Colin Carter; Sandra W Jacobson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infancy : the official journal of the International Society on Infant Studies     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1532-7086     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100890607     Medline TA:  Infancy     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  586-607     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town Faculty of Health Sciences, Cape Town, South Africa.
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Descriptor/Qualifier:
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 AA009524-11//NIAAA NIH HHS; U01 AA014790-03//NIAAA NIH HHS; U24 AA014815-06//NIAAA NIH HHS

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