Document Detail


Infant Mortality and Social Environment in Georgia: An application of hotspot detection and prioritization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22022207     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Recent years have witnessed the growth of new information technologies and their applications to various disciplines. The goal of this paper is to demonstrate how the two innovative methods, upper level set scan (ULS) hotspot detection and the multicriterion prioritization scheme, facilitate population health and break new ground in public health surveillance. It is believed that the social environment (i.e. social conditions and social capital) is one of the determinants of human health. Using infant health data and 10 additional indicators of social environment in the 159 counties of Georgia, ULS identified 52 counties that are in double jeopardy (high infant mortality and a high rate of low infant birth weight). The multicriterion ranking scheme suggested that there was no conspicuous spatial cluster of ranking orders, which improved the traditional decision making by visual geographic cluster. Both hotspot detection and ranking methods provided an empirical basis for re-allocating limited resources and several policy implications could be drawn from these analytic results.
Authors:
Tse-Chuan Yang; Brian McManus
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental and ecological statistics     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1352-8505     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101281613     Medline TA:  Environ Ecol Stat     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  455-471     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
The Social Science Research Institute, the Pennsylvania State University, USA. 803 Oswald Tower, University Park, PA 16802. Tel: 814-865-5553.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R24 HD041025-08//NICHD NIH HHS

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