Document Detail


Infant categorization of path relations during dynamic events.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22937834     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fundamental to amassing a lexicon of relational terms (i.e., verbs, prepositions) is the ability to abstract and categorize spatial relations such as a figure (e.g., boy) moving along a path (e.g., around the barn). Three studies examine how infants learn to categorize path over changes in manner, or how an action is performed (e.g., running vs. crawling). Experiment 1 (n = 60) finds that 10- to 12-month-old English-learning infants categorize a figure's path. In Experiment 2 (n = 27) categorization is disrupted when the ground object is removed, suggesting the relation between figure and ground defines the path. Experiment 3 (n = 24) shows that language may be a mechanism guiding category formation. These studies suggest that English-learning infants can categorize path, a component lexicalized in the world's languages.
Authors:
Shannon M Pruden; Sarah Roseberry; Tilbe Göksun; Kathy Hirsh-Pasek; Roberta M Golinkoff
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-08-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child development     Volume:  84     ISSN:  1467-8624     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Dev     Publication Date:    2013 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-28     Completed Date:  2013-07-03     Revised Date:  2014-01-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372725     Medline TA:  Child Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  331-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Child Development © 2012 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Comprehension / physiology
Female
Humans
Infant
Judgment
Language Development*
Linguistics*
Male
Motion Perception / physiology
Photic Stimulation
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 HD050199/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01HD050199/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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